Today we will discuss an important topic which name is Logical Positivism. Which does not leave any capacity of as a matter of faith (unseen faith)? In other words it doesn’t believe on unseen faith (as a matter of faith). In light of this philosophy, there is no capacity for beliefs like God, Prophecy and the Hereafter. Why should we believe in God, Prophet Hood and in the Hereafter?
Logical positivism, also called logical empiricism, a philosophical movement that arose in Vienna in the 1920 and was characterized by the view that scientific knowledge is the only kind of factual knowledge and that all traditional metaphysical doctrines are to be rejected as meaningless.
They set a rule in this philosophy which was unrealistic, untrue? The rule is that, you will acknowledge these things which you can see, you can touch, you can feel and you can perceive. Which can be verified through the five senses? They (Vienna Circle) had called such rule as “the principle of verifiability”. In that philosophy they said that, we can find out that this thing is exists or not, it is verifiable or not. If a thing’s exist in such case it is verifiable and what we cannot confirm if which is not verifiable. Now it means that whatever comes in a physical domain which we could feel through our five senses, or which is metaphysical thing. It is out of our scope of discussion. Actually this is not a philosophy but a reaction. Earlier, philosophers have had said such imaginary and logical things in the past. When such types of imaginary and logical conceptions gradually arrive in the twentieth century then People realized that now you should discuss about those things which we can feel through our five senses. And which can be present in front of us and we can talk about them. The world that is beyond our hands, it’s beyond our point of view and conceptual discussion about it actually it does not have any reality.
Now it was a clear thing to say, but its consequences came out very dangerous. Because the real truths in this world are that which are far from our eyes. For example take our body system our heart beats in the body, lungs cleans blood in this way every organ in the body is working. It is not possible for me to see all function of thee organs in the body. Because its control is based on the metaphysical principle. If I cut myself out of control so I cannot run this system. For instance if I ask a question that can you see things like book, pen table, chair, sky, earth and glasses etc. So your answer will be Yes. And if ask another question that do you see God, Day of Judgment and hereafter etc. So your answer will be No. its reason is that because they are Metaphysical terms. But you should consider whether you see the mind. Can you locate your mind? That is why this philosophy (local positivism) is based on the wrong ideas.
If we start testing the God, Prophecy, Day of Judgment and hereafter (To this true righteousness) based on the principles of this philosophy. Its results will be wrong because our five senses are helpful in our knowledge. But it is not an extreme or limit of our knowledge. If you called, fixed or declared the five senses to everything so its example would be like this,
Once upon a time, there lived six blind men in a village. One day the villagers told them, “Hey, there is an elephant in the village today.” They had no idea what an elephant is. They decided, “Even though we would not be able to see it, let us go and feel it anyway.” All of them went where the elephant was. Every one of them touched the elephant.
• “Hey, the elephant is a pillar,” said the first man who touched his leg.
• “Oh, no! It is like a rope,” said the second man who touched the tail.
• “Oh, no! It is like a thick branch of a tree,” said the third man who touched the trunk of the elephant.
• “It is like a big hand fan” said the fourth man who touched the ear of the elephant.
• “It is like a huge wall,” said the fifth man who touched the belly of the elephant.
• “It is like a solid pipe,” Said the sixth man who touched the tusk of the elephant.
That’s why our five senses are limited. Human is also a victim of error, illusion and hallucination as well. One thing does not exist but that would have been visible. If you go to the desert you will see water, but actually it does not have water. We called this a Mirage, illusion. In seeing, the sun and the moon appear to be two small pieces but actually they are the huge world and great realities. But our five senses cannot evaluate their reality and expansion or dimension. For this, he needs practical research which can be touching the Metaphysical realities. By this point this philosophy is based on false principles. If any person thinks that if God really exists he must be somewhere in this world, for example in the sky, somewhere in the galaxy there will be some place or location of God. The answer is that, where is your mind, can you locate your mind. If not then how will you find the place or location of God? Then can you find and locate the mind of the entire universe? You cannot locate your mind in your own body how can you locate the mind of this huge universe?
When we will look at God with our own eyes, then we will believe. You want to determine the location and place of God and Want to decide and fix his direction? He will be existing in any corner of the universe. The universe is his creation. God is the Creator of the universe. Allah Almighty is the Greatest. It is a very foolish way to find God’s location. You think and understand that this philosophy of Logical Positivism is a thought of today’s smart people. This question was also asked by a few people of Moses’s nation six thousand years ago.
Quran (4:153) The People of the Book now ask of you to have a Book come down on them from heaven; indeed they asked of Moses even greater things than this, for they said: ‘Make us see Allah with our own eyes’ – whereupon the thunderbolt suddenly smote them for their wickedness. Then they took to worshiping the calf after clear signs had come to them. Still, We forgave them, and conferred a manifest commandment upon Moses.
Stupid people ask such questions. Whose IQ level is of logical positivism? Which do not know the principles of the Metaphysical? The People whose levels are not fit to understand Metaphysical term. Those people ask such unwise questions. On this occasion you will understand that the blow of unseen faith (as a matter of faith) is falls on philosophy of logical positivism.
Maybe I am expressing prejudice, because faith is the believe on unseen. And unseen is something that is not visible. Unseen Faith (as a matter of faith) is not an unbelievable thing. But it is our daily routine of life. We believe in the unseen faith (as a matter of faith) in 95% of our lives. For example, you go to a lawyer regarding your case. He tells you that the case will be prepared in this way. You do follow all the instructions on your lawyer. That’s because you believe in the lawyer’s instructions, is it not believe in the unseen? Take another example in this regard, when you are ill. The doctor gives you a prescription after your diagnosis. You will use these medicines in this way. What do you know that what type of medicine are there in this prescription? What percentage of poison exists in medicine? Because of excessive use of medicines, it will prove to be poisonous for you. Poison because of this reason.
You can also die due to this negligence. That’s why you blindly follow the instructions of doctor. Because you believe this doctor is my well-wisher, is it not an unseen faith (as a matter of faith). The reason is that he is knowledgeable, because you have confidence in its knowledge. That’s why according to this ratio you have to use those medicines. People are also preparing medicines from snakes and scorpion poison. And the doctor also instructs you to use the specific ratio of that medicine as needed. According to the study Scorpion poison is used for the treatment of Heart diseases (especially in heart attack) and Snakes venom is used for Cancer treatment. That’s why you use this poison as an antidote. Now if the doctor gives you a slight alcohol, you might have a trusted doctor. These are all related to unseen faith (as a matter of faith). You heard News from Radio that this incident has occurred in such a place. You did not see that accident with your own eyes without seeing you believe in that news it’s not your view but actually news. It is called an unseen faith (as a matter of faith).
Assume that a delegation consisting of approximately twenty men visits Japan. All these delegates have a verified passport, air tickets and also have a visa of Japan. On the return of all these delegation one person should say that I do not believe this delegation has visited Japan. This man does not belong to twenty men of that delegation. And the person should claim that Japan does not exist because I did not see Japan. So just because of his saying will Japan not exist? Just because he did not see Japan. If this person passes Japan’s visa on a passport and buy a plane ticket and arrives at Japan’s airport so he will see Japan. Thus millions of God’s Prophets came to the world. A Prophet came a thousand years ago so the second Prophet two thousand years later. The third one came four thousand years ago so the forth one six thousand years later. One Prophet came one thousand miles here, so the second Prophet came two thousand miles another place. . And one interesting is that there is no connection among all these messengers. But all the Prophets have confirmed the same claim. We have a contact with Allah (God) Almighty. God’s message comes to us every day and the message also comes for you. God Almighty talks with us. So will such a number of people give disinformation? Submit to Islam for Peace!
Hadith: Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal in his Musnad has mentioned a Hadith (no. 21257) that Allah sent 124, 000 Prophets (Anbiya’) and from among them 315 were the Messengers (rusul). It seems that on the basis of this Hadith, we have this number circulated in Islamic literature. However, there is no list of names of all the Prophets and Messengers available. Allah knows best who they were and when or where they lived. We only know this much that wherever there exist any concept of tawhid, truth, justice, righteousness and virtue, it must have come from Allah through His noble Prophets and Messengers. Also wherever there is any concept of shirk, evil, injustice and corruption, it must be from Shaitan and his suggestions in human mind.
Then We sent Our messengers in succession. Every time there came to a nation its messenger, they denied him, so We made them follow one another [to destruction], and We made them narrations. So away with a people who do not believe. Quran: Chapter 23, Verse: 44.