International Students day observes the anniversary of the 1939 Nazi storming of the University of Prague which finishes up in the death of 9 students and professors. International Students Day is commemorating annually on November 17th as an international ceremony of student community.
On 28th of October 1939‚ a demonstration in Prague held by students of the Medical Faculty of Charles University to honor the anniversary of the independence of the Czechoslovak Republic was suppressed by the Nazi authorities in Czechoslovakia. A student‚ Jan Opletal was shot during the demonstration and died on November 11th. His funeral procession‚ accompanied by thousands of students‚ turned out to be an anti-Nazi demonstration. The Nazis had taken the following strong measures in response to this.
- Closing of All Czech higher education institutions.
- Above 1‚200 students were arrested and sent to concentration camps.
- On November 17th‚ nine students and professors were executed without trial.
The nine students and professors executed on that day were Josef Matoušek‚ Jaroslav Klíma‚ Jan Weinert‚ Josef Adamec‚ Jan Černý‚ Marek Frauwirt‚ Bedřich Koukala‚ Václav Šafránek and František Skorkovský. It was in 1941 in London that November 17th is first marked by the International Students’ Council as International Students’ Day. This marked the starting point of the founding of the International Union of Students – IUS.
International Students’ Day celebrations motivate students all over the world in their mission for truly democratic education and a democratic society. 65 countries established November 17th as the International Student’s Day. The International Students Day represents the struggle of students all over the world. During International Student’s Day‚ students protest against braking human rights‚ demeaning of freedom of word and religion and equal opportunities for education. Students make use of this as a prospect to demonstrate their views and act against discrimination.