For the moment, hybrid cars give the impression to be the new temper in the automobile business regardless of some issues that remain to be resolved. After trying numerous tests for example the alteration or conversion of vehicles on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG), the government of Pakistan has publicizes incentives on import of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs).
Besides being environment friendly, such automobiles are also admired for being greatly fuel-efficient. Putting it cleanly, they automatically switch from combustion engine power to electric battery when the energy requirement is low, therefore saving the fuel wasted during inactive, and so on.
Despite the fact that the hybrid cars have started making their way into Pakistan recently, these cars have been in use and run in the developed world for many years. As indicated by auto industry figures, Americans are currently buying a lot of HEVs per month. Even Sri Lanka is promoting HEV use in the country, a proof of which is that such vehicles have been imported from Japan during the last two months.
Here in Pakistan, several people are thinking about buying hybrid cars and as a result saving their hard-earned money spent on buying expensive petroleum. Those running their vehicles on CNG are even further anxious as gas is almost not available and its prices have so increased since the technology was introduced in the country.
The hybrid vehicles being imported now are somewhat costly. A person who can afford to buy it can also afford to run their vehicles on petrol. They make modest noise pollution since they are much quieter than gasoline-powered vehicles even as inactive or on electric mode.
Some sources says that, HEV importers are facing troubles in getting technical faults removed in the absence of required software to do that. Secondly, the batteries of many cars are near expiry or their mileage meters have been reversed to dodge buyers. If such misconducts are not checked and stopped, the enterprise will suffer regardless of government incentive to reduce duty rates by 25 per cent.
According to a United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report released in 2009, research on HEVs started in the 1970s “subsequent the first oil crisis, but decreased in the 1980s with falling oil prices. In 1997, with increasing apprehension for air quality and energy safety the first HEV was launched in the Japanese market in the form of Toyota Prius.
The Prius was followed by the Honda Insight and later by several other Japanese hybrid models. Since then, US auto manufacturers have also begun to introduce HEVs. At the moment, several countries are competing to lead HEV and electric vehicle progress, including Brazil and China. The method at work in HEVs is to save the fuel wasted unnecessarily. Scientific studies show most of the energy in the fuel is lost as heat and a smaller part of engine resistance. There is an option of plug-in HEVs (PHEVs) which can be recharged with electricity from a normal wall plug, but it cannot be anticipated for an electricity-deficient country like Pakistan. So we should wait for the final decision.