Climate humiliation is possibly the major challenge that modern society will ever face. Much has been made of Pakistan’s current and future energy shortages, and rightly so. We have severe setback, mostly of our own doing, and there is an urgent requirement to make sagacity of the circumstances and then carry out the long and difficult charge of envisage a sustainable long-term future. Unfortunately, however, the predominant mode of thinking about this most urgent of problems in fact reinforces the crisis.
Throughout the modern age, human beings have applauded themselves on the (science-induced) technological rise that has permissible us to make massive pace in all spheres of material life. Social change has been ever present since the initial human arrangement but the transformations that have described what we identify modernization have been of an unmatched scale. The lives we lead today were narrowly conceivable a century ago. Today’s older generation discover it tough to make sense of the thought of electronic mail, and more commonly the concept of a digital world.
Intellectual of innovation have long been warning us, however, that all that glitters is not gold. Malthus and Marx, for example, offered contrasting narratives on the fallouts of modern social organization. Others following in the same civilization have made on those determining approaching and revealed that we have until now to get answers to the disturbing questions of how human society is to handle with its own expansion and deal with its resources rightfully.
Use of Natural Resources:
In recent decades, the subject matter of how to sustainable use natural resources has become one of the most well-known predicament facing humankind. Indeed, environmental humiliation is possibly the major confront that modern society will ever face — finding a balance between human aspiration and the natural resource stand that provides life to us is, actually, the very key to the long-term endurance of life on this earth as we be familiar with it.
Despite the stable raise in discussion and escalating policy conversation on the environment at a international level, the political economy of in fact existing capitalism is merely incompatible with the sort of eco-systemic modification that require to occur if we are solemn about overturn the descending fall. partially, the difficulty relates to the balance of power in the world-system: while environmental protection has become a forceful cause for large numbers of people in the so-called highly developed countries, capitalist activity are very relaxed in the facts that environmentally indefensible practices can be transferred into the third world space where there is far less inquiry and resistance to such practices.
However, as huge a dilemma is the incapability and reluctance of our intellectual and political leaders to take-on the challenge of making a new progress example that goes beyond the already failed model currently on display.
Nuclear Energy Utilization:
In the 1970s-80s nuclear energy was the major performance in settlement. Over time, however, it has become clear to a wide cross-section of people that the nuclear choice is burdened with setbacks. This is not to state that one is not revolted by the double standards of the so-called advanced countries when they lord over countries such as Iran and North Korea for implement their sovereign right to build up nuclear energy capacity.
But when one imagines beyond the maltreatment strategy of the ‘leaders of the free world’ it becomes obvious that nuclear energy cannot be a long-term way out to the sustainability difficulty. Pakistan under Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and then Zia-ul-Haq had simulation to obtain nuclear energy but such diplomacy are now dead in the water, even while the considerably more ridiculous nuclear weapons agenda remains greatly integral.
Substitute Use of Energy Sources:
In more recent times, we general public have been informed that we will have two major energy alternatives in future. The first is minimally a slighter evil compared to the current plan of importing oil, namely to import gas from Iran. The second is projected as emancipative or setting free in no further as it pledge to free us — at least to some extent — from the saddle of energy imports; I am referring to the anticipated Thar coal project. safe profound in the Sindh desert are in fact some of the world’s biggest known reserves of coal; in dig up this coal we will seemingly safe a sustainable energy source for coming decades.
But in case we overlook one of the most important programs of global environment controversial is the control of carbon release. And coal is one of the most, if not the most, unclean energy resources recognized to humankind. It is factual that coal set down offer us some interval from the oppression of the global market, but this does not signify that we have resolve the puzzle of environmental sustainability. Actually, the trouble will simply become more sensitive.
Eventually, we require acutely examining renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power. Acknowledging, the research and development expenses are high, but are still convenient if we redirect the huge quantity of money that currently goes towards defence and debt-servicing towards meeting people’s (long-term) requirements.
Consideration about Alternative Source of Energy, Power:
At the same time as, we require to consider incredibly profoundly about the dissimilarity between human desires and needs. 21st century society is fanatical with material things, and our hastily mounting population of young people is moderately seriously badly affected by this ailment. I do not accept as true it is possible to sustain the legend of unlimited expenditure of relaxation goods and services, regardless of what the ideologues of capitalism assert. If the environmental challenge is on the one hand about recognize and investing in non-renewable sources of energy then on the other hand it is about redefining what progress denotes.
Actually, all of these difficult questions can only be answered within the structure of holistic, sanctity cultural-political-economic arrangements. The purpose of such an order must be almost absolutely contrasting to the raison d’être (reason for existence) of capitalism. But the individuals like us still call this dream of better world socialism. But even those who remain intolerably antagonistic to the mention of socialism will agree that basic change is essential. Those who are reluctant to acknowledge even this basic fact will be responsible to their future generations and the globe that uphold and sustain them.