To pollute means to make any features of the environment harmful to human being, animals or plant life. There are many types of pollution for instance: Water Pollution, Soil Pollution, Air Pollution and Noise Pollution: The increased number of factories and industries, and the ever growing number of smoking vehicles are the main causes of pollution.
Very often contaminated water is mixed with drinking water because of poor drainage and sanitation system. This polluted water is the main cause of many diseases such as cholera, typhoid and hepatitis. Another kind of water pollution is produced by the industrial waste. Many factories and industries throw away their poisonous wastes into the nearby canals. Thus polluting the waters in the rivers and lakes which are dangerous for marine life.
The improper disposal of waste material on the land produces soil pollution. When it rains, the rain water leaks through the soil. The waste dissolves and carries the harmful material thus polluting the soil.
Air pollution is the most dangerous kind of pollution. Poisonous emissions from the vehicles, factories and industries pollute the atmosphere. These poisonous gases when ingested can cause a lot of diseases. They can produce skin problems. The most serious problem of air pollution is the thinning of Ozone layer, which is the cause of excessive temperature.
Noise pollution occurs because of the excessive use of vehicle horns, particularly pressure horns and loud music. This is mainly a problem of densely populated areas. Noise pollution can damage ear drums and can cause mental stress and strain.
How can we reduce pollution:
Environmental protection department is taking measure to control pollution at every level. We, as responsible citizens must work hard to keep our environment clean. It is noticed that most of the general people clean their own places, but throw garbage in the streets and on the roads. It is the duty of each one to put garbage in the waste bin to keep our environment clean and clear. But the most significant thing is that we must protect our plants and trees and grow as many others as we can. Because plants and trees produce oxygen which is essential for our life and these plants and trees make our environment clean.