TYPES OF IMPAIRMENT: Information about Person with Disabilities:

The following subsequent effects of an ailment, accident or medical condition upon the way a person functions can be divided into two foremost categories; visible and invisible. A visible impairment is one that can be seen; for example a wheelchair user has an evident physical impairment. Accordingly, many people related to disability with using a wheelchair when in fact wheelchair users make up only a small percentage of the disabled population. There are several other forms of visible and invisible impairments and some examples are as follow. They should not be considered in loneliness; a person with advanced diabetes, for example, may have a visual impairment and mobility problems because of slow circulation and loss of consciousness.

Types of Impairments

Physical impairment

This denotes Trouble in moving or using all or fragment of the body. The upper limbs may be restricted making it hard to reach, Hold and operate and handle objects; or there may be a mobility impairment frequently caused by incomplete or complete loss of function in the legs, but conditions that affect balance or loss of sensation can also consequence in mobility difficulties. A person with a mobility impairment may not necessarily be Reliant on a wheelchair.

Sensory impairment

Indicates that there is a loss of hearing or sight.

Learning disability

Suggests that a person has difficulty learning in the commonly accepted way, or at the same pace as his/her peers. It does not mean that he/she cannot learn; often different approaches to learning will assist people with a learning disability to understand.

Communication difficulties

Our main forms of communication are by using speech, signal and the written word. A communication difficulty may arise, for example, when there are Problems enunciating or articulating the muscles used for speech or when there are Disorders to the speech area in the brain. We often use gesture to support what we are saying and therefore anybody with a condition that affects their muscle control will have difficulty forming natural gestures.

Mental illness

This includes illnesses that Effect and result in disorders of mood, awareness, perception and motivation, and also conditions that affect the actual brain tissue, giving rise to memory loss or confusion, as found in Alzheimer’s disease.

Hidden disability

A number of conditions affect the human body without there being any external sign of impairment. Conditions such as heart disease, respiratory illnesses and epilepsy may affect the ability of a person to function effectively in specific situations or at Certain times.

Advertisements
This entry was posted in Disability. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s