Arthritis is a general term that refers to many rheumatic diseases that can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints and other connective tissues and nerves. These diseases can also affect supporting structures such as muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other parts of the body. Some common types of arthritis are below:
3:System lupus Erythematosus
Osteoarthritis, which is very common, is also referred to as degenerative joint disease (especially when it occurs in the spine). It occurs when bone-on-bone surfaces become irregular. Think of a tight, squeaky door hinge, where the surface of the hinge has become rough or maybe a bit rusted. Osteoarthritis may involve any joint; however, large joints such as the hip or knee and small joints in the fingers are often involved. After age 30, almost everyone has some kind of x-ray evidence of osteoarthritis, so it is easy to see why it is frequently diagnosed for aches and pains.
Many people who have x-ray findings of arthritis have no pain at all and others obtain full relief of their pain by treating associated non-arthritic conditions.
Anything that can affect how the joint or hinge functions can also cause pain that feels like it is coming from the joint. When these sources are outside the joint they are called extra-articular sources of pain. Examples include a loose hinge pin (the ligaments that hold the joint together are weak), an irritated nerve that supplies the joint, a hinge that is jammed (the joint is subluxed), or a joint that closes.
Arthritis doesn’t have to get worse if you take care of the joint .By treating all of the structures that surround or affect the joint; both pain relief and prevention are possible. One simple technique is to give the joint freedom of motion by stretching muscles that are tight or inhibited around the joint and strengthening both the muscles and ligaments around it.
If a nerve is irritated, then the muscles that are supplied by it will go into spasm and stiff. In this case, stretching provides short-term relief and the nerve irritation must be treated medically to provide lasting relief. Proper nutrition and disease management are very important too, as optimal wound healing cannot occur without it.
Injections may be used to reduce inflammation of the joint or associated nerve, reduce muscle spasm, stiffness and to regenerate the ligament. If the joint itself is badly arthritic, an injection of artificial cartilage to help lubricate the joint or natural growth stimulating factors can also be effective. Most of these treatments are combined with exercise, anti-inflammatory medicines, and physical therapy. Regular exercises are very important to reduce stiffness and to relief pain in the body. Pain management is doing important role in this regard but it needs awareness. Proper campaign should be requiring.
In the most severe cases, joint replacement surgery may be required (In some severe case it required total hip replacement surgery). If you have non-osteoarthritis rheumatism, than medical management directed toward stopping inflammation is important as well. In any instance, treating extra-articular structures provides more options for people with pain, weakness, or functional impairment from arthritis, regardless of its form.