Solar Energy may be having a lot of advantages, but it has some problems and issues. It has multiple benefits and advantages which do outweigh the problems, but the problems highlighted here are the factors that are causing a obstacles to bring solar energy to an international scale and to use it effectively and properly.
Some benefits that have been mentioned about solar energy till now are just predictions of what the Earth could gain by its implementation. It doesn’t really have true large scale success stories to spread the system to the large extent.
Entirely and Integrating a solar energy system into a society is a very expensive issue and affair for any government and if it happens to be a developing country or third world countries like Pakistan. One can easily forget solar energy. Governments are not ready to give up the infrastructure they already created for fossil fuel technologies and will not easily take up an amount for solar infrastructure.
This is a sad but main reality of using solar energy. The manufacturing of equipments itself is a business that very few people dare to invest in, considering the stubborn unwillingness to give up fossil electricity.
Pollution. Damage the environment; it also damages the photovoltaic cells that would be used to harness and get solar energy. Exposed to areas to cloudy or polluted areas and places, solar energy cannot perform its best. This is also a limitation which scientists have tried to tackle with. They have come to a conclusion, latest designs that help to overcome such problems and hopefully the technology will get better to tackle and handle the worst affects.
Require large Space setup:
Yes it’s true that Solar Energy devices and equipments require large, spacious areas to be installed, and though it is good for rural areas, it is difficult to adjust it in a crowded urban city. There would be pollution, clouds and less space ti installed the whole system.
Countries with Mild Weather:
As mentioned earlier solar energy requires strong sunlight to get suitable heat according to people needs, therefore it is best only for countries that are typically very hot. For, European or surrounding countries, it is not very helpful. These countries are usually quite cloudy and rainy and even if they use solar energy they need very strong panels. Problem with PV panels is they require large empty space and urban cities cannot afford this sort of space. so that the system to be installed.
Extra Devices and equipments:
Solar energy cannot be accessed during the night time one cannot get heat for their needs and therefore extra equipments or batteries that will store this energy will be required for heat consumption. When energy is converted from DC to AC, a lot of energy itself is lost during the process and to support that loss, powerful grids have to be installed. During in these times a complementary solar energy station is also required to provide with the required energy during cloudy and bad weather or during night time.
Solar energy can only be affective when all these issues are cleared and to be solved properly. The time required for fixing the problems would require at least a quarter or half of a century, it is huge time to tackle these problems. Hopefully by the next century, solar energy power may be affective enough according to the society needs, as right now, fossil fuel still rules the day with all its might. We seriously think about it.