Social Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities
Disability can be a physical limitation, but nothing can limit a person’s skills.
What is Disability?
The word of disability is called mental and physical in the Urdu language. And the person who is entitled to this illness is called as disabled. In general, it is common in Arabic and everyone who is unable to pay their responsibilities in society. Moreover, in Arabic, a person who is very weak in working, similarly, who cannot perform the task correctly? According to the UN Charter, the disabled is that person who is long-term physical and mentally weak and which is the cause of prevention in contributing of role to society.
In our society people with disabilities are being exploited in every aspect, the hidden abilities inside them should be brought in front, and we should save them from a sense of deprivation.
(Definition of Disability)
The inherent or accidental disease that causes basic health problems. Different types of disabilities.
Some examples of common disabilities you may find are:
• vision Impairment
• deaf or hard of hearing
• mental health conditions
• intellectual disability
• acquired brain injury
• autism spectrum disorder
• physical disability
International Disabled Day:
World or International Disabled Day is celebrated every year in the month of December 3rd and it a clear-cut reminder of the hard-hitting life that disabled people live in Pakistan, chiefly due to the government’s mistreatment in doing anything to help them. On the day itself, we see top government representatives make all kinds of promises at seminars and conferences, pledging that they will make policies to improve the lives of a person with disabilities alternatively after the day passes; everything goes back to what it was.
Disabled persons are an important part of any society. And they have the right to live their lives with self-respect like other citizens of the country. This class is named as special people around the world. So that their deprivation could be eliminated. But it’s not adequate to give them such a name. Rather there is a need for special measures for them in the real sense. Most of the people sympathize with the disabled but do not do much to help them. The world law of human rights guarantees all basic rights of special people. Many countries around the world strive to remove barriers which prohibit the full participation of persons with disabilities as a common citizen. When barriers are removed, Persons with disabilities is afforded their full rights as citizens. When persons with disabilities actively participate in society, raise their voices, all the community benefits from it and brings about positive change.
Negative attitudes and traditional beliefs are amongst the barriers that hinder participation in society by persons with disabilities. Everyone has hardships and challenges they encounter in their lives, but when someone with a disability is able to overcome all of the additional a disability brings to not only endure but to find tremendous success, that is a remarkable thing to observe. They also deserve to live their lives with dignity. Minimum standards to lead a healthy life are called human rights. And derogatory terms such as crippled, handicapped, disabled persons, mentally retarded, blind, deaf and dumb must not be used. “Instead we should use positive terms like persons with disabilities, special person, visually impaired, vocally impaired or intellectually impaired,”
Persons with disabilities face four kinds of barriers – social attitudes, accessibility problems, communication challenges, and legislative inattention, which stop them from being successful and progressing in life. The state was responsible for the provision of education, health facilities, employment and recreation to people with disabilities.
DISABLED POPULATION BY NATURE OF DISABILITY
Despite all the obstacles and challenges, disabled people continued to gain higher positions in society. As a result, many disabled people become a hero in society. Few examples are below.
1) Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking is one of the most well-known physicists in the world, and he was able to achieve that regardless of being diagnosed with ALS when he was 21.
2) Nick Vujicic No arms No legs and No worries
Nick Vujicic Born without arms or legs. He was born with an extremely rare congenital disorder known as Phocomelia, which is characterized by the absence of legs and arms. Now despite the disability, Nick Vujicic is a painter, swimmer, skydiver, and motivational speaker.
3) Muniba Mazari
Muniba Mazari, is a Pakistani artist, model, activist, motivational speaker, singer, and television host. She uses a wheelchair because of injuries sustained in a car accident at the age of 21 which makes her Pakistan’s first wheelchair-using model. She is also the National Ambassador for UN Women Pakistan.
There are many organizations that are working for the welfare of disabled persons under the supervision of disabled persons. For example,
(Special Talent Exchange Program) was considered and started by persons with disabilities themselves in 1997. Being a cross-disability organization STEP is committed to mainstreaming disability in development by empowering individuals and organizations of persons with disabilities besides informing society about the rights-based approach.
I can give you many examples, but I just want to focus on disabled people issues and their solutions.
Employment and Rehabilitation:
Whereas special privileges have also been laid for disabled people in our country’s law. Under this Act (Disabled Persons’ (Employment and Rehabilitation) Ordinance, 1981), 2% quota in jobs, free treatment facilities for those with disabilities and steps to restore of their organs have been included. Apart from this, 75 percent involvement of disabled people children’s in the government institutions whereas 50% fee concession and provision of employment in private institutions are also part of this law.
Disabled people often have to take a protest to gain their rights. If the number of people with disabilities is reviewed, According to the world organization report, the world’s three hundred million population is consisting of disabled people. Whereas eighteen million people in Pakistan are disabled in which a large number of children are included. Pakistan has also signed a global convention on the disabilities. The states are responsible for those disabled people. The United Nations Convention on the rights of Persons with Disabilities call for all states parties to promote and protect the political rights of all people with disabilities.
Accessibility of Persons with Disability:
if we review the situation of disabled people in the country so the accessibility of disabled people to the public and private offices, public transport, shopping centers, Airport, railway stations, and hospitals is not possible. Because a railing and ramps are not made in the infrastructure of the buildings to facilitate access of disabled people. Due to which people with disabilities feel the discomfort. For this reason, their majority is getting limited to homes. Therefore, there is a need to take steps on an emergency basis to eliminate the sense of deprivation of disabled people and to restore them. Every year a fund is allocated in the budget for disabled persons like every year the people with disabilities expect that their problems will be resolved. On the other hand, this culture of the feeling of deprivation must be eliminated now.
Social Inclusion of Person with Disabilities:
Disabled people are the capital of the country, by providing facilities they can be made a social worker. Translation of World Disability Day is done as a global disability day, but to celebrate that day with the aims to inform the public about the issues related to them and to spread awareness about their basic rights and their full participation in the society. Disabilities often suffer discrimination here in our society. Their condition is not like ordinary humans, people do not behave well with them because of disability and poverty. Therefore, the necessity is that the common society should act appropriately to include people with disabilities in the social, political, economic and culturally. The most important barrier in the overall obstacles is that government departments do not take practical steps to enforce policy and legislation so that disabled people can be a major part of society.
United Nations Social Support Program:
To enable your skills for a self-dependent life there is an extreme need for confidence in people with disabilities. UN has also taken several steps to empower people with disabilities. The United Nations General Assembly had launched a social support program for disabled people around the globe in 1982. The word ‘special’ was used for such people. Disabled people globally are mainly a living example of courage and daring. There are also such disabled people who do not consider their disability as their compulsion, rather, in this situation using their best skills live a useful life just like a common human being. They live a better life like ordinary humans.
In this regard, where World Health Organization is doing its best around the world there are different institutions in this regard at the local level with a painful heart and with a great attitude and mission, they are playing their role. According to the UN policy, opportunities should be given to disabilities If disabled persons are given importance, they will be able to play a full role in practical life.
Instead of isolating people with disabilities, we need to integrate the people with disabilities in society. The need is to provide facilities to disabled people, small things are needed for maintenance centers, with Ken, wheelchair and small things, they can become useful citizens in the community and create such a situation that they can easily travel. If all facilities are provided, such as a job, education, and sports, there are also Olympics are held at the national, provincial and regional level for special children in worldwide then people with disabilities can make an important part of society such activities.
Disability Rights in Islam:
If all the religions of the world are studied, in their teachings include the betterment for all deprived, deserving, needy people, and there are clear indications exists to control of any type of disability and needy and there are obvious methods in their teachings. It is possible in the teachings of religions that we cannot find the words of disabilities. There is probably no mention exist of clear ideas about such people. But their teachings contain clear orders for the welfare and care of the deprived and for the well-being of victims due to different accidents.
Social Status and Right of Attention:
Islam has not allowed anyone that to reduce its respect and social status, because of a person’s physical disorder or weakness. Rather, there are such incidents and orders based on which Allah and His Messenger have given such people more honor than other humans. How people with disabilities are entitled to the attention and social status, it can also be evaluated from the practice of Hazrat Omar Farooq.
Hazrat Omar Farooq, once, was giving food to people. Hazrat Omar Farooq seeing a person who was eating with his left hand. Hazrat Omar Farooq said, O Slave of God! Eat with your right hand. He replied, “He is engaged. Hazrat Omar Farooq went ahead. When Hazrat Omar Farooq passed through again then he said to him, and the person responded again that he is engaged. When the third time the Second Caliph Omar forbids it, then he replied that my right hand was cut in the fight of Motah. When Omar heard this, he starts crying and sitting near and asked him. Who is washing your clothes and how your other needs are fulfilled. When Omar found the details, you have taken an employee for him. He provided a ride and other necessities of life.
Reference: (Book, Al-Athar, Abu-Yusuf, 1:208)
This incident shows that it is the duty of the Government should not show laziness or any mistake in fulfilling the needs of disabled people.
Order of Assistance for Disabled People:
Islam has where issued orders to safeguard disabled people from lack of attention in society it has also arranged their social security. Allah where deprived disabled people of a single attribute there, Allah also ordered to fulfill their rights and assistance.
Just consider this verse (Quran chapter, 24:61).
The interpretation of the verse of Surah Noor (An-Nur, The Light) in the Qur’an is something like this!
For the blind and physically disabled people here, announcing blessings and donations of goddesses they have been protected from hunger and nakedness. In addition, their relatives should not get rid of their needs and rights. And disabled people should not commit suicide because of their weakness and due to the unkindness of their relatives. See how by declaring a great and basic Charter by Allah Almighty has shown the goodness of his Divinity to us.
Disabled Persons Need Facilities, not Charity:
Like developed countries, motor car and motorcycle companies in Pakistan can not only increase the number of users by designing vehicles at the local level for the disabled people. Rather, can mobilize millions of disabled people as well. Worship centers strengthen human beings with their Lord. While entertainment centers, such as mountainous terrain, beaches, lakes, and parks, do not only make humans close to natural views but also provide mental comfort. There is a strong need that worship and recreational centers make accessible for people with disabilities in Pakistan.
Indicators for example ‘Sign’ should be installed in those places who are deprived of hearing. ‘Tacit Tiles’ and emerging marks should be installed for visual impairment individuals. Accessible ways should be constructed for wheelchairs of physically disabled persons. The country’s population census was held in 2017 to estimate the population of the country and to set up economic policies according to the total population. Unfortunately, in our country, the way people with disabilities are being exploited economically and socially, they have also been badly ignored in the recent census. In the Census Form 2, the information about disabilities had not been included in the timely entry.
National Institute of Statistics of the country was unable to detect accurate data about disabled persons. Chairman of the National Institute of Statistics is requested to announce an emergency plan to achieve the target number of 17.18 of the world’s sustainable development. Unfortunately, disability in Pakistan is considered to be merely pitiable. Government and society have been failed in collective efforts to address basic issues of disabled persons. People with disabilities also want their rights just like Pakistan’s respective citizens. To be a useful and active member of society, education, health, accessible transport, accessible buildings, and jobs are required. Provision of attendant service should also be part of the national system in Pakistan like the developed countries, the domestic economy will get double benefits Like Japan. Since according to a World Health Organization report, 10% of Pakistan’s total populations are consist of disabled, so to mobilize this population and reduce their dependence on family members it is very important to provide attendant service.
It is sad to say that many groups have also been made even in people with disabilities. When the blind people protested, I saw that many people were using another person for different purposes. Then we explained them and resolved the matter peacefully. Globally disabled people facilities are provided by the state. Apart from the government, society is also responsible for the betterment of disabled people. People of Pakistan have a passion for helping. On the condition that they know that their money is being spent in the right place.
Issues of Person with Disabilities:
The biggest issue of those disabled people who are educated is unemployment. According to a global organization report, a few years back, 90% of Pakistan’s disabled people are unemployed. Apart from this, there is no representation of persons with disabilities in the Senate, National Assembly, and provincial assemblies. Nor is there a special quota for them as well as for women and technocrats. Due to which issues of disabilities are not solving. There is no treatment facility for disabled people. They face health problems. And there is no provision of financial assistance for those disabilities whose disease is very sensitive. Apart from this, government claims are also wrong of 50% reduction in travel rent. The fact is that disabled persons are exploiting. In my opinion, unemployment is the mother of all problems with disabilities. If this problem is resolved, all the problems will be resolved. The government had thought of the rehabilitation of disabled persons a few days ago, practical steps are necessary for them, not just a hollow slogans.
Media is an important role in promoting disability in every sector of life. Parliamentary and provincial assemblies at the federal level are legislating for the disabled. It is not enough to make only special educational institutes for the disabled people, rather, to provide opportunities in every sector is the primary priority of the government for them. Parents’ role in encouraging disabled children and making useful citizens is key. To make awareness of children with disabilities, expanding awareness, special attention should be given to children in school and curriculum.
Provision of Facilities:
Our demand is that the rents should be 50 percent less and also less amount in free health facilities for disabled persons, and provision of scholarships and loans should be made part of the law so that their sense of deprivation could end. According to Article 9 and 14 of the Constitution, basic facilities are rights to disabled persons but they are not being provided to them. The government should ensure that the implementation of rules with strict legislation. Sadly, the billions of rupees are being spent on the orange line train, whereas a small part of the budget has not been allocated for disabled people. To provide employment to the disabled people government and private institutions both should be strictly executed on the allocated quota. At the same time, data should be given on the website regarding the work of disabled persons and should be verified by the NADRA institution so that the knowledge of the bogus recruitment can be obtained.
A very small amount in the budget is allocated for the disabled persons. Like every year Disabled persons hope it Now that funds will be utilized for their welfare and now their problems will be solved. People with disabilities are the beauty of society, so they should not give a sense of deprivation, rather this culture of deprivation should now be eliminated. That is why the of the people with disabilities in Punjab is getting better than others provinces. And now more steps will be taken in this regard, ‘E-Rozgar’ Scheme has been introduced for them. But this is the injustice of the government that they have ignored the disabled people of other provinces. We should understand this unless the sense of working will not arise for disabled people, Until then, the conditions of disabled persons will not be better. Disability for disabled persons is not a crime and Nor does they have their hand in this. Good people should come in front of the welfare of disabled people in Pakistan. In my opinion, we should make think tanks for the welfare of disabled persons and in this case, we should include them as well.
There should be separate ministries in the parliament for disabilities. So that their problems can be resolved properly. Apart from this, travel discount should also be made as per the health card issuance. The allocated budget should also be increased for disability. There has been a lot of difference in the present conditions and in the conditions of 1981. Now the law regarding disabilities should change. We demand from the government that, whenever the law is made for the of disabilities, so an inclusion of people with disability in this should be ensured.
Rather, the government does cosmetic measures, and therefore, the problems of disabled people are not resolved. The government has launched a series of service cards for the disabled. If the government consulted with disabilities representatives, we would have forbidden it. Because there is no value of twelve hundred rupees in this inflationary time. The main reason for the failure of government policies is that it doesn’t include the disabilities. Due to which the real issues facing the disabled people are not reaching to the government. At present, three major issues of disabilities are health, training, education, and employment.
No Health Facilities:
Sadly, there is no bed in the hospital for the rehabilitation of the disabled persons. Which can determine the condition of persons with disabilities? The real cause behind the problem of disabilities is the lack of planning. The government should start construction of a separate hospital as soon as possible for the disabled persons. Apart from this, a separate sector should be set up for disabled persons in the teaching hospitals. The government should free education of persons with disabilities. But it should be transparent. And the admission should be given in any field after the scrutiny of the nature of the disability. So that it should not happen that a person who is having a trouble walking and admit it to engineering. But they are unable to climb a building. Most of the disabled children learn the skill. Therefore, the quota should be reduced to ten percent in Vocational Training and Skill Development for disabled people.
Opportunities in Banking:
Just as the government has made the first women bank for women, Similarly, the government should launch the first special person bank for the people with disabilities. And in this bank, most jobs should be given to the disabled. I welcome the practical step which has been taken by the government for the betterment of disabled persons, that it has allowed the people with disabilities to compete in the CSS exam.
FPSC allows physically challenged candidates to apply for all occupational groups of CSS.
The Federal Public Service Commission has permitted physically challenged candidates to apply for all the occupational groups of civil service to appear in the Central Superior Service examinations. I think it is meaningless to setting up the stipend for the disabled persons. If the government really wants to help them, then they should provide a loan of up to 50,000 to 500,000 rupees without an interest rate. So that they can earn their jobs through business. Government punishes the persons who do not provide a job on the basis of the allocated quota of three percent for disabled people. They pay fines but do not provide a job for disabled people. Due to which disabled persons are unemployed.
Therefore, the government should set up a strict punishment instead of fines, so that it should ensure the implementation of three percent quota. Unless the government will not be willing to help, then the problems of disabled persons will not be solved until then.
Many persons with disabilities have been seeking suitable jobs for the last several years but sadly, in most cases, their efforts are fruitless. Instead of making promises that it cannot keep, I would extremely request the government to do something concrete and take serious steps for the plight of disabled people.
Internship Programs for Person with Disabilities:
The government and its departments start internship programs for the advantage and promotion of young unemployed postgraduates and graduates, Similarly, the United Nations and its sub-organizations have also launched the Internship programs very often. But no institution has invited the person with disabilities even in internship programs and in jobs as well. This behavior is based on ultimate injustice from the government and the UN’s. Moreover, there is less number of disabled people, who are educated, but such a small number of disabled persons even deprived of their basic rights. Because the government has put a condition in this program (NIP), which is that; the applicants must be 25 years in age.
Which is an injustice with especially with the adult disabled people? What will happen to those with disabilities who are over-age? Now especially me and other disabled people like me neither suitable for government jobs nor for internship schemes. At this instant, what shall I do in this unkind and injustice society? I have no future in this society. I extremely request to the government of Pakistan and the United Nations and its sub-organizations on behalf of all the disabled people in Pakistan and all over the world. Please exceed the age limit, only for those disabled people who have postgraduate or graduate degrees from recognized universities along with attested “disabled medical certificates”.
Recreational Activities For Persons with Disabilities:
There is a need for recreational activities for Disabled People to keep them fit and healthy.
It is estimated that there are about 15% of the world’s population lives with some form of disability. For many years these huge number of people had very little opportunity to take part in a sports activity. We all know better the positive effect of taking part in sports activities can have on our lives. It reduces stress, creates socializing opportunities and enhances our overall lives and happiness. Persons with Disabilities might need these even more than other normal people. Sports not only makes people with disabilities strong but also has a lot of mental rewards. Of course, these are a human being like us and they have the whole right and passion for the overall good life. However, the society in which they live, must care and support them as not only a vital contribution but community responsibility. Therefore, On the government level and private institutions should hold a sports competition for disabled people so that they should be stronger and healthy.
Smart Cities Useful for a Person with Disabilities:
When the United States’s transportation in 2016 held a competition titled ‘Smart City Challenge’, one of the terms of the application was also to increase the participation of all those with disabilities. The Smart Cities for All Tool Kit is aimed at removing non-equality in cities through smart technology and capable of accessing cities, regardless of disabilities or non-disabilities, and accessible to everyone. Accessible cities use assistive technology and integrate accessibility into city design, infrastructure, and services. More willingly than being an innovation or novelty, accessibility is becoming an assurance of good smart city design. The government should focus on it, for the welfare of the person with disabilities.
Conclusion and Solution:
No actual result or specific data can be done or concluded about the status and degree of the disabled population in Pakistan based on the large number of incomparable, invalid and untrustworthy data collections. Observing the disability rate in Censuses of 2017 one may expect that a much higher rate exists which may be concealed by poor data collection and validated by cultural norms to avoid speaking of such matters especially with an unfamiliar person. One may conclude from this analysis that control over various disabilities is not impossible. A major part of disabilities seems to be contributed by accidents or by curable diseases. For that reason, improved research in various causes of disabilities would help in removing it and enhancing the quality of life of a person with disabilities.
The Government should make law legislation for the disabled people facilities. Employee quota should be increased, Construction of ramps in buildings should be compulsory for the facility of disabled people. And discounted rates in Transportation should be provided. No disabled person is inferior. The hidden capabilities should be highlighted and encouraged in persons with disabilities. Better training can help people with disabilities become a useful person in society. Therefore Disabled Persons are the capital of the country, by providing facilities they can be made a useful. It is not happening in Pakistan as much as possible for the welfare of disabled people. All government and non-governmental organizations should arrange awareness and courage enhanced programs in this regard.
Students with disabilities of professional training in special educational institutions should be compatible with the requirements of the market. Professional training of art and craft, cooking, dress design, and beauty can enable students with disabilities, whereas professional training of computer, Information technology, mobile repairing, and online jobs can save disabled students from unemployment.
A comprehensive and integrated strategy is needed to incorporate disabilities in Pakistan’s Labor market۔ Although, according to the of Disability Act, 3 percent of jobs in all private and public institutions are allocated for the disabled people. But only the achievement of employment cannot is made them useful. Unless in the changes construction of offices, factories and other institutions will not be made accessible to disabled persons.
Due to the lack of information about disability in Pakistan, the administration and workers of the institutions do not cover the mental abilities of special people. Instead of higher education and skills, they are only rejected due to physical disabilities or are offered fewer salaries according to their abilities.
In Pakistan the inclusion of disabled persons for the economic and social rehabilitation at all level in political affairs their involvement is essential. In order to vote in next general elections, there is urgent need to set up a comprehensive policy to complete the participation of disabled voters, In which all stick holders, political parties, election commission, NADRA and people with disabilities will have to mobilize.
The Election Commission of Pakistan has said it will provide postal ballots to special persons for participation in the July 25 elections. In this regard, all necessary measures had already been taken to facilitate special persons and women to participate in elections.
In our country, special seats should also be allocated for disabled persons in local government provincial and federal assemblies just like women and minorities. So that their opinions also be get included in those all policies making which are related to the welfare of disabled persons. Because they can better identify their problems and their solutions.
Unfortunately, there is no significant legislation for the welfare of people with disabilities after the Rehabilitation of Disabilities Act in 1981. The person with disabilities, just like a common person is also required to get out of the house for education and training, employment and business, leisure and shopping etc. If public transport does not have access to them then they will be stuck to homes.
In developed countries particularly Japan, America, Canada etc have also taken benefit from the abilities of people with extreme disabilities and to make them an active citizen of society and in this regard government has also been made public transportation 100% accessible for them. For the past few years, the Metro Bus in Islamabad, Lahore, and Multan have started and a Speed bus service in Lahore and Multan has started which is an accessible transport for wheelchairs users. This step of the federal government is a great pleasure. By 2030, hopefully, all public transportation of Pakistan will be accessible for women, children, elders, and people with disabilities.
Lastly, The first step in this regard should be, in my opinion, to stop considering them to be disabled/differently abled people. Speak up, when you notice discrimination or impoliteness attitude towards disabled people.
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